Checkpoint summary

Pitched roofs

  • Visually inspect all portions (slopes) of the roof.
  • Note any sagging, uneven, damaged, or patched sections.
  • Look for overhanging tree limbs or branches that can cause damage.
  • Is the area directly below the roof deck ventilated?
  • Is the roof in need of a cleaning?

Asphalt shingles

  • Look for curling, cracked, torn, or missing shingles.
  • Are shingles losing their stone granules?
  • Look for eroded sections in the slot between the shingle tabs.
  • Pay particular attention to slopes with a southerly or southwesterly exposure.
  • How old are the roof shingles?
  • How many layers of shingles?
  • If roof has been recently reshingled, is a guarantee/warranty available?

Wood shingles, shakes

  • Look for rotting, loose, cracked, chipped, or missing sections.
  • Pay particular attention to the slopes with heavy shade.
  • Any signs of moss?

Slate, asbestos-cement, clay tiles

  • Look for missing, cracked, chipped, flaking, or loose sections.
  • Sections patched with asphalt cement?
  • Are the valley joints filled with asphalt cement?

Flat roofs

  • Safe access available?
  • Cracked, blistered, eroded, split, punctured, or torn sections?
  • Look for open joints and seams.
  • Areas of ponding water or low points where water will accumulate?
  • Drainage system functional?
  • Area below the roof deck adequately ventilated?

Built-up roofs (BURs)

  • Are there areas with missing aggregate?
  • Look for blisters in the membrane.

Roll roofing (tar paper)

  • Sections drying, eroding, or blistered?
  • Look for open seams.
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