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EXTERIOR Index of Building Construction diagrams House illustrations

Use the House illustrations Index pages to find specific diagram pictures. For example, if you would like to find illustration diagrams of "electrical wires", you could use the find feature of your web browser to search for "electrical" or "wires" on the House illustrations Index pages. You can then click the linked text to open the pages with those pictures. Also, you can use the House Illustration navigation menus for the specific category to find and view the diagram pictures.

 

ARCHITECTURAL STYLES EXTERIOR - BUILDING SHAPES AND DETAILS
1700 Linear plan vs. massed plan
1701 Saltbox, four-square and compound plans
1702 Flat roofs
1703 Sloped roof shapes
1704 Bell-cast eave
1705 Roof details
1706 Gable details
1707 Decorative chimneys
1708 Dormer types
1709 Cornice terms
1710 Brackets versus dentils
1711 Half-timbering

EXTERIOR - WINDOWS
1712 Quoining
1713 Double and single-hung windows
1714 Casement windows
1715 Sliders
1716 Awning and hopper windows
1717 Jalousie (or louver) windows
1718 Window terms
1719 Window shapes
1720 Bow, bay and oriel windows
1721 Door lights

EXTERIOR - COLUMNS
1722 Columns

EXTERIOR - SPECIFIC HOUSE STYLES
1723 Early Classical Revival
1724 Greek Revival
1725 Georgian
1726 Adam
1727 Colonial Revival
1728 Italian Renaissance
1729 Italianate
1730 Gothic Revival
1731 Stick
1732 Queen Anne
1733 Additional Queen Anne details
1734 Shingle
1735 Tudor
1736 Prairie
1737 Craftsman
1738 Modernistic
1739 International
1740 Spanish Colonial
1741 Mission
1742 Cape Cod
1743 Saltbox

 

EXTERIOR SIDING AND CLADDING

EXTERIOR - INTRODUCTION
1744 Exterior inspection includes other systems

EXTERIOR - WALL SURFACES - GENERAL
1745 Wall assemblies
1746 Support for siding
1747 Condensation in walls
1748 Too close to grade
1749 Weep holes below grade
1750 Siding too close to roof
1751 Watch for planters or gardens against walls
1752 Insulation holes

EXTERIOR - MASONRY
1753 Veneer versus solid masonry
1754 Parapet walls prone to damage
1755 Chimney deterioration due to condensation
1756 Rising damp
1757 Freezing water spalls bricks
1758 Repointing
1759 Rusting lintels
1760 Toothed in masonry on additions
1761 Common mortar joints
1762 Mortar joints in brick walls
1763 Weep holes - vented rain screen principle
1764 Bowed brick veneer wall - older home
1765 Brick veneer wall - masonry tie detail
1766 Lateral support for masonry walls
1767 Bowing of masonry walls

EXTERIOR - STUCCO
1768 Stucco - three coat process
1769 Stucco - two coat process
1770 Drip screed
1771 Stucco cracking
1772 Tudor style stucco problems
1773 Nail popping
1774 Synthetic stucco (EIFS)
1775 EIFS installation details
1776 Kickout prevents stucco damage
1777 Exterior inspection strategy for EIFS
1778 Interior inspection strategy for EIFS

EXTERIOR - WOOD
1779 Horizontal wood siding
1780 Board-and-batten siding
1781 Nailing controversy
1782 Concealed nails
1783 Inside and outside corners
1784 Wood shingles and shakes
1785 Cedar shingles - nailing details
1786 Wood shingle siding
1787 Cut back bottom of siding
1788 Mitered corners
1789 Vertical siding - butt joint detail
1790 Joints in siding boards
1791 Concealed nails
1792 Strapping for vertical siding

EXTERIOR - PLYWOOD, HARDBOARD AND OSB
1793 Plywood and composite siding
1794 Hardboard siding
1795 Oriented strandboard (OSB) siding
1796 Vertical joints in panel siding
1797 Siding too close to roof
1798 Z flashings
1799 Identifying Inner-Seal siding

EXTERIOR - METAL AND VINYL
1800 Metal and vinyl
1801 Nailing too tightly
1802 Mounting blocks
1803 Flashings below windows
1804 J moldings around windows

EXTERIOR - OTHER SIDINGS AND ISSUES
1805 Asbestos cement siding
1806 Clay and slate shingles
1807 Six nails per shingle
1808 Insulbrick
1809 Foundation height
1810 Areas to check for wood-soil contact include:
1811 Preserved wood foundations
1812 Parging

EXTERIOR - SOFFITS AND FASCIA
1813 Soffits and fascia
1814 Rotting soffit and fascia

EXTERIOR - WINDOWS AND DOORS
1815 Putty (glazing compound)
1816 Capillary break
1817 Windows move
1818 Frame deformation

EXTERIOR - TRIM, FLASHINGS AND CAULKING
1819 Flashings over windows
1820 Kickout prevents siding-wall damage
1821 Macro approach

 

EXTERIOR STRUCTURES

EXTERIOR - INTRODUCTION
1822 Porches
1823 Decks
1824 Balconies
1825 Garages versus carports
1826 Basement walkout

EXTERIOR - PORCHES, DECKS AND BALCONIES - page 1
1827 Support for concrete steps
1828 Rise, run and tread width
1829 Landings
1830 Settled or heaved steps
1831 Rot in wood stairs
1832 Designing steps that are not springy
1833 Handrails and guards
1834 Handrail design
1835 Spindle spacing
1836 Handrails or guards too low
1837 Common column materials
1838 Column hinge point
1839 Beams
1840 Inspecting for beam sag

EXTERIOR - PORCHES, DECKS AND BALCONIES - page 2
1841 Poor end support
1842 Beam rotation (twisting)
1843 Joist support
1844 Porch floor sag
1845 Securing ledgerboards
1846 Ledgerboard flashing
1847 Cantilevered decks
1848 Canvas duck
1849 Deck board installation details
1850 Sagging deck or porch boards
1851 Threshold
1852 Hinged pillars affect roof structure
1853 Skirting

EXTERIOR - GARAGES AND CARPORTS
1854 Garages versus carports
1855 Fire and gas proofing in attached garages
1856 Heating ductwork in garages
1857 Man door (attached garage)
1858 Combustible insulation in garages
1859 Structural garage floor
1860 Poor garage floor drainage
1861 Slab is partly on disturbed soil
1862 Mud jacking (pressure grouting)
1863 Drains for below-grade garages
1864 Drain pipe should face down
1865 Garage door types
1866 Garage door conditions
1867 Automatic garage door openers
1868 Manual operation of automatic garage door openers
1869 Check electrical connection
1870 Testing automatic reverse
1871 Check photo-eye
1872 Water heaters in garages

EXTERIOR - BASEMENT WALKOUTS
1873 Basement walkouts
1874 Lowered footings around basement walkouts
1875 Insulated exterior basement stairwell
1876 Perimeter drainage tile
1877 No outside traps
1878 Door threshold
1879 Walkout cover or roof

 

SURFACE WATER CONTROL AND LANDSCAPING

EXTERIOR - LOT GRADING
1880 Recommended grading slopes
1881 Water penetration due to subgrade
1882 Swales
1883 Maximum slopes
1884 Evidence of exterior insulation installation
1885 Drainage layer
1886 Foundation cracks - repair methods
1887 Settled backfill
1888 Swales
1889 French
1890 Excavation, dampproofing and drainage tile
1891 Catch basins - drain pipe should face down
1892 Water penetration due to subgrade soil conditions

EXTERIOR - GUTTERS AND DOWNSPOUTS - page 1
1893 Interior flat roof drains
1894 Integral gutter
1895 Yankee gutter
1896 Identifying aluminum and galvanized steel gutters
1897 Excess shingle overhang
1898 Gutters - common reasons for leakage
1899 Repairing an integral gutter
1900 Gutter attachment methods
1901 Screens on gutters
1902 Gutter and downspout installation
1903 No downspout on secondary roof
1904 Downspout running across roof
1905 No downspouts on small roofs
1906 Downspouts - common leakage areas

EXTERIOR - GUTTERS AND DOWNSPOUTS - page 2
1907 Downspouts - proper connection of sections
1908 35 feet per downspout
1909 Baskets-strainers at the top of downspouts
1910 Downspout extension too short
1911 Downspouts discharge into floor drain
1912 Does the downspout drain into the floor drain trap?
1913 French drain
1914 Abandon below grade downspouts
1915 Flat roof drainage systems
1916 Scupper drains
1917 Weight of water
1918 Clogged interior flat roof drain
1919 Drains in columns and walls
1920 Adding a roof drain

EXTERIOR - WINDOW WELLS
1921 Window well
1922 Add or extend wells when re-grading
1923 Damaged window wells
1924 Wood soil contact
1925 Drain problems

EXTERIOR - WALKS, DRIVEWAYS AND GROUNDS
1926 Concrete and asphalt driveways
1927 Walkway steps
1928 Trees and shrubs too close to house
1929 Raised patios

EXTERIOR - RETAINING WALLS
1930 Gabion retaining wall
1931 Precast concrete retaining wall systems
1932 Cantilevered concrete retaining wall
1933 Pile retaining walls (shoring)
1934 Wood retaining wall
1935 Drainage is important
1936 Movement or cracking
1937 Block walls need rebar and cap
1938 Inspecting retaining walls - things to watch for
1939 Weep holes

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