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0221 Building Settlement Cut and Fill Excavation - Structure Structural Foundation
 
0221 Building Settlement Cut and Fill Excavation - Structure Structural Foundation -

Image Text: Original line of hill > surface water runoff often causes problems here > cut area > Settlement crack: typically wider at the top and goes through weaker wall areas (e.g. windows) > settlement > fill area

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STRUCTURE, Footings and Foundations, Description, Problems, Floors, Sills, Columns, Beams, Joists, Subflooring, Concrete Floor Slabs, Walls, Solid Masonry Walls, Wood Frame Walls, Masonry Veneer Walls, Arches and Lintels, Roof Framing, Rafters, Roof Joists and Ceiling Joists, Collar Ties, Knee Walls and Purlins, Trusses, Wood I Joists, Sheathing

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