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Garage photos: P 169-P 171, P 229
The different types of garages you'll encounter are Detached, Attached and Built-in or Tuck-under garages.
Detached garages are separate structures from the main house.
Attached garages are attached to the main house.
Built-in or Tuck-under garages are set underneath the house and take up a section of the lower level.
A benefit of having an attached or built-in garage is that you can park the car and enter the house without worrying about the weather conditions. A detached garage is safer in the event that a car is left running by mistake, the exhaust fumes can't enter the house easily. A detached garage is also safer in the event of a fire, the flames and smoke can't spread to the house easily.
The inspection procedure for the garage is the same as with the exterior and interior aspects of the main house. Review those sections for recommendations. One of the additional aspects to evaluate with the garage is to make sure the overhead doors operate properly. Open and close the doors to see if they're difficult to operate or if they come down with excessive force. The springs will need to be adjusted or lubricated if there's a problem. Doors that come down with excessive force can crush a child if they're caught underneath.
Check all electric door openers to make sure they operate. Electric door openers should have an automatic reverse function that's working properly.
Check all electric door openers to make sure they operate. Electric door openers should have an automatic reverse function that's working properly. This is a setting in the opener that will reverse the direction of the doors if a person or a car gets caught underneath. To test the automatic reverse function, activate the opener to close the garage door. While it's coming down, lightly put some pressure on the bottom of the door or on the handle. If the reversing function is operating properly, the door should stop or reverse itself back to the open position. Don't stand underneath the door or do anything to get your hands caught while testing this device. You don't want to find out it's not working properly by getting hurt!! Remember you're not paid to do anything hazardous.
All water pipes and heating pipes in the garage need to be insulated to prevent them from freezing and for energy efficiency. All heating ducts in the garage need to be insulated for energy efficiency. Check the floor for any oil or gas drippings that need to be cleaned to help prevent any fires. The garage walls and ceilings should be covered with fireproof sheetrock to help prevent the spread of any fires. Masonry walls and ceilings are an acceptable fireproof covering. If the garage is attached or built-in there should be a fireproof entry door leading to the house. Also, this door must have a self-closing device to prevent the door from being left open. This will help prevent lethal car exhaust fumes or fires from spreading into the house.