The Operating Systems, Lower Level, Interior and Exterior Inspection sections are EXTREMELY condensed versions of those found in our home inspection book: Home Inspection Business From A to Z
Real Estate Appraisers are not required to be home inspectors. However, I will include these sections anyway to give you some basic details about home inspections.
After finishing in the lower level you're ready to begin inspecting the livable areas of the house. I usually start with the kitchen and move from room to room but feel free to adapt the inspection procedure to any method you like. Check the kitchen walls and floors for any structural problems or settlement cracks. Check the condition of the kitchen floor covering. The majority of houses have vinyl linoleum or ceramic tile floor coverings. In some houses you'll find hardwood on the kitchen floors. Hardwood isn't used as a kitchen floor often because of the possibility of it getting wet and damaged in this area. Be careful when inspecting older houses that have 9 inch x 9 inch floor tiles made of a very hard material. These tiles are usually a Vinyl and Asbestos material so you want to notify your client about the possible asbestos problems with them.
Check the kitchen cabinets by opening and closing a few of them. Make sure the cabinets are securely fastened to the wall and floor. I know a home inspector who was inspecting one home and the entire kitchen cabinet came right off the wall when he was checking it.
See if there are enough electrical outlets for modern usage and that they have Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter protection. Run the kitchen faucet hot and cold lines to make sure there's adequate hot water and there are no leaks underneath the sink. If there's a spray attachment in the sink area, check that as well. Sometimes they won't be operating properly and need to be replaced.
Ask the client, the seller or Realtor if the appliances are being sold with the house. Most of the time they are. If they're sold with the house, then spot check the appliances by turning them on and off briefly. For refrigerators, just open the doors to make sure they're cold inside. Tell the client you're very limited in what you can evaluate as to the life expectancy of appliances. This way the client won't think you're guaranteeing that the appliances will work for many years to come.
Note the condition and age of the appliances and recommend that any older units be upgraded for energy efficiency and convenience.